Major Cities:

  • Chongqing (Chongqing Municipality)
  • Guiyang (Guizhou)
  • Chengdu (Sichuan)
  • Kunming (Yunnan)
  • Lhasa (Tibet)

Demographics:

  • Chongqing Population: 29.19 million
  • Guizhou Population: 34.69 million
  • Sichuan Population: 80.5 million
  • Yunnan Population: 46.31 million
  • Tibet Population: 3.03 million

Business Assistance:

Austrade Kunming
Room 2202, Hongta Mansion
155 Beijing Road, Kunming
Yunnan 650011
Tel: +86 871 356 1002
Fax: +86 871 356 1020
Victorian Government Business Office Chengdu
Room 1738, Level 17,
Raffles City Tower 2
3 Section 4, South Renmin Road,
Wuhou, Chengdu 610041
Tel: +86 28 6511 8108
Fax: +86 28 6511 8107
Australian Consulate General Chengdu
Regus Business Centre
18 Dongyu St, Jinjiang District,
Chengdu, Sichuan 610016
Tel: +86 28 6268 5200
Website: www.chengdu.china.embassy.gov.au

History:
The southwest region of China has a long history throughout which one can see the various forms of Chinese government and how they evolved from period to period. The provinces of the region have been ruled by various kingdoms and dynasties and have been divided and re-divided into various administrative areas throughout their history. The political importance of one region, Chongqing, grew when it was opened as a treaty port to British and Japanese traders in 1890. Its significance increased further as the city became the wartime capital of the Kuomintang regime following the fall of Nanjing in 1937. Chongqing remained a Kuomintang stronghold until it fell to the People’s Liberation Army in 1949. Since then, Chongqing has grown dramatically in population and economic importance, becoming the major industrial centre of Southwest China.

While famous for its unique spicy cuisine, Sichuan Province is also the home to China Protection and Panda Research Centre, which houses more than 150 highly endangered giant pandas. Recently, pandas born at the centre have been reintroduced to the wild surrounding the centre. Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province and it is the fifth most populous city in China. It is one of the most important economic, finance, commerce, culture, transportation, and communication centres in Western China. According to the 2007 Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment, Chengdu was chosen as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 urban centres in China
With its mountains plains, Tibet covers 12.8% of China’s total land area. At the end of the Second World War, the Mao-Tse-tung Army defeated Chang-Kai-chek and invaded peaceful Tibet. After the installation of a pro-Chinese Administration, the first decisions brought a severe famine, suppressed civil rights and imposed the Chinese language. In March 1959, Lhasa population obliged the Dalai-Lama to escape in India, against his will. In the 1970’s, during the Cultural Revolution the Red Guards destroyed nearly 2000 official buildings and holy places, and burnt nearly all the Tibetan libraries and books to get rid of the Tibetan civilisation and language. For the last 4 years a strong repression has occurred in Monasteries, in spite of the presence of Europeans journalists and tourists.

Industries:

  • Chongqing
    Chongqing is one of the old industrial bases of China. It is a major industries are automobiles, military, iron & steel and aluminium. Chongqing’s industry is dominated by heavy industry. In 2013, heavy industry accounted for 73% of the municipality’s gross industrial output. In recent years, Chongqing’s electronics and related industries grew strongly. In 2013, the share of gross output of telecommunication equipment, computers and other electronic equipment industries in total gross industrial output grew from 11.4% in 2012 to 13.5% in 2013.
  • Guizhou
    The primary sector still accounted for 12.9% of the GDP. Major agricultural products include corn, rice, tobacco, tubers and rapeseeds. The output of tobacco ranked second in China, accounting for 12.9% of the national total. The province has over 3,700 types of herbs and is one of the leading producers of Chinese medicine in China. Animal husbandry and cash crop of local characteristics are also the major sectors of the agricultural industry. Although fishery accounted for a very small share of the primary sector, it has been growing by more than 20% annually, in terms of value-added, over the last three years. Guizhou is also a major base for supplying electricity from the western part of China to the eastern part.
  • Sichuan
    While Sichuan is strong in agriculture, its industrial activities have expanded rapidly in the last decade. In 2013, the secondary sector accounted for 51.3% of its GDP, up from the level of 36.5% in 2000. Nowadays, Sichuan is one of the most industrialized provinces in western China. While heavy industries (67% of the gross industrial output value in 2013) such as coal, energy and iron and steel remain as dominating sectors, the province has also established a light manufacturing sector comprising electronics, building materials, wood processing, food, silk processing, etc. Additionally, Sichuan is richly endowed with herbs (around 5,000 species) and is the home to many senior Chinese medicine doctors. Sichuan is strong in R&D of modern Chinese medicine. Chengdu is selected by the Ministry of Science and Technology to set up the first state-level Modernized Science and Technology Industry Base for Traditional Chinese Medicine.
  • Yunnan
    Most of Yunnan’s light industries are related to processing of farm and natural produces whereas most of its heavy industries are related to processing of raw materials. The weight of heavy industry in the total output value of industry has increased considerably in the past decades due to the high growth rate of the steel industry, electricity industry and the cement industry relative to the light industries such as sugar, cigarettes and paper. Major Industrial outputs in Yunnan are sugar, cigarettes, cloth, steel and steel products, hydropower, raw coal and cement and machine-made paper and paperboards, which all ranked among the top in China. Its outputs of flower, tea leaves, fruits and vegetables are also very famous.
  • Tibet
    Over the last decade, Tibet’s tertiary industry developed rapidly with its share in GDP increased to 53% in 2013. But primary industry still plays an important role and the construction sector accounted for 28.7% of the GDP in 2013. The share of industry remains relatively small in GDP. However, industrial products such as mineral products, medicine, Qingke barley wine, carpets and building materials have good reputation.

Local Dishes:

  • Chongqing
    Huoguo means hot pot. When eating hot pot, there is a simmering metal pot of stock at the centre of the dining table. While the hot pot is kept simmering, ingredients are placed into the pot and are cooked at the table. Typical hot pot dishes include thinly sliced meat, leaf vegetables, mushrooms, wontons, egg dumplings, and seafood. The cooked food is usually eaten with a dipping sauce.
  • Sichuan
    Gong bao ji ding is also called Kung Pao chicken. It is a spicy stir-fried dish made with chicken, peanuts, vegetables, chilli peppers and Sichuan peppercorns. Diced chicken is mixed in a prepared marinade. The wok is then seasoned and chilli and Sichuan peppercorns flash fried to add fragrance to the oil. The chicken, vegetables and peanuts are then stir fried.
  • Yunnan
    uo qiao mi xian, or crossing the bridge noodles is a rice noodle soup from Yunnan Province. The dish is served with a large bowl of boiling hot broth and the soup ingredients. These ingredients are separated. The soup ingredients are served on a cutting board or plate and include raw vegetables and lightly cooked meats. Common ingredients include thin slices of ham, chunks of chicken, chicken skin, strips of bean curd sheets, chives, sprouts and rice noodles. Once added into the broth, it cooks quickly. The soup takes a few minutes to cook, and it is then spooned out into small bowls.