- Guangzhou (Guangdong)
- Nanning (Guangxi)
- Haikou (Hainan)
- Guangdong Population: 105 million
- Guangxi Population: 46.45 million
- Hainan Population: 8.77 million
Room 1714-15, Main Tower
Guangdong International Building
339 Huan Shi Dong Road,
Tel: +86 20 2237 2866
Fax: +86 20 8319 0765
12/F Development Center
3 Linjiang Dadao, Zhujiang Xincheng,
Tel: +86 20 2887 0188
Fax: +86 20 2887 020
Level 12, Development Centre
3 Linjiang Roand,
Zhujiang New City
Tel: +86 20 3814 0111
Fax: +86 20 3814 0112
Guangzhou and Guangdong Province lies at the heart of South China. Situated to the south of the Nanling Mountains, Guangdong was developed much later than the rest of the central plains.
After the first Opium War of 1840, Guangdong was gradually semi colonized. Guangdong was the first province in China to reap the benefits of Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms in the late 1970s, whose open door policy radically changed the economy of the province as it was able to take advantage of coastal trade routes, proximity to Hong Kong, and historical links to overseas Chinese. In addition, until the 1990s when the Chinese taxation system was reformed, the province benefited from the relatively low rate of taxation placed on it by the central government due to its post-Liberation status of being economically backward.
Guangzhou is also home the Canton Fair, the largest trade fair in China held is the spring and autumn seasons each year since 1957. It has the largest assortment of products, the largest attendance, and the largest number of business deals made at the fair.
Furthermore, the neighbouring province of Hainan was administered as part of Guangdong Province until 1988. Since then it has been designated a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and has become a magnet for investment, as well as developing a large tourist infrastructure.
Guangdong’s manufacturing industry has developed rapidly as a result of foreign investment. Guangdong is a major export-processing base for foreign investors mainly from Hong Kong and Taiwan. Output from light industry used to account for over half of the province’s total industrial output. Major products include electrical appliances such as television sets, electrical fans and refrigerators, and other consumer products like garments, toys, shoes and electronics. Exports of most of these products rank the highest in China. In recent years, Guangdong has moved towards heavy, new and high technology industries. The share of heavy industries in value-added industrial output increased from 52% in 2000 to 61% in 2013. As for the service sectors which accounted for 47.8% of GDP in 2013, Guangdong aims to further increase their overall relative share in GDP. While development of the service sectors will be expedited across the board, their structure will be optimized to develop Guangdong into a regional financial centre, modern logistics hub in southern China, as well as an international business travel and shopping centre.
The primary sector accounted for about 17% of the GDP in 2012. While the coast of the Beibu Gulf is a leading fishery and fish farming area, sugarcane is also an important industry in Guangxi. The machinery industry is another major sector including automobiles, heavy mining machinery, electrical & electronics, instruments & apparatus, standard parts and component. Given its coastal location, the region has also developed a strong chemical and oil refinery sector in recent years. Guangxi is determined to capitalise on its geographic advantage to develop into a trade and logistic centre especially serving the China-ASEAN Free Trade Area (CAFTA).
Hainan has the largest share of primary sector in its GDP among all provinces of China. Fishery is an important contributor to the agricultural sector. The island’s long coastline makes it a favourable breeding ground for shrimp, shellfish and other aquatic products. Hainan has an abundance of tropical crops like coconuts, pepper, coffee, tea and rubber. It is the most important tropical fruit production base and seeds-breeding base in China. Major fruits include pineapple and longan. Hainan is also one of the largest banana producers in China. The province is also a production base for herbal medicine. It produces more than 2,500 kinds of herbal medicines. Hainan is also the largest rubber production base in China, such as tyres, conveyor belts and latex gloves are produced. Electronics is an emerging industry in Hainan. Industries related to food processing and beverages are also growing strongly.
Originating in the tea houses of Guangzhou (Canton), Yum Cha is a southern Chinese style morning or afternoon tea which involves drinking tea and eating dim sum and other small dishes.
Zong Zi are a traditional Chinese food made of glutinous rice, stuffed with different fillings, and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves, before being steamed or boiled. These sticky rice dumplings are the most popular food of the Dragon Boat Festival. In Guangxi, people enjoy making zong zi in the shape of a pillow, each one weighing half a kilogram.
Hainan Jifan or Hainanese Chicken Rice is a dish adapted from early Chinese immigrants originally from the Hainan province in southern China. The dish is comprised of chicken poached in a master stock served with rice cooked in chicken stock. This is served with a bowl of clear broth. Oher condiments served with the dish include, chilli sauce, dark soy sauce and often cucumber.