- Harbin (Heilongjiang)
- Changchun (Jilin)
- Shenyang (Liaoning)
- Heilongjiang: 38.34 million
- Jilin Population: 27.49 million
- Liaoning Population: 43.83 million
Room 2604, level 26, Office Tower
L’Avenue 10 Huigong Street
Tel: +86 24 2278 8269
Fax: +86 24 2278 8280
The northeast region of China is the birthplace of the Manchu nationality, boasting many well-preserved imperial palaces and tombs built in the Qing Dynasty. The area has also been subjected to imperialistic forces throughout its history as Japanese and Russian aggressors attempted to exploit the region’s resources and cheap labour. However since national liberation, the northeast has developed into an important industrial and agricultural base for China.
The Province of Heilongjiang specifically is a large area, rich in natural resources. It is commonly known there that “half of its area is covered by mountains, one tenth by water, one tenth by grassland and three-tenths by arable land”. In the old days, however, Heilongjiang was an uninhabited wilderness with abundant untapped resources. The Imperial Government of the Qing and later the Japanese sent in settlers and troops to develop the area but ended up in failure. Over the years, Heilongjiang Province was known as “the Vast Wilderness of the North”. After the defeat of Japanese imperialism, the people of Heilongjiang started to rebuild their province upon the ruins brought by the war. Heilongjiang has undergone tremendous changes since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Several million hectares of farmland have been opened in the vast wilderness. Oilfields, many forestry towns and modern transportation networks consisting of railway and highways have also been built.
Owing to its fertile soil and unpolluted black earth fields, Heilongjiang is one of the most important grain production bases in China, with a total farmland area of 11.5 million hectares. Heilongjiang has 4.3 million hectares of grassland, making it an important area for animal husbandry in China. Green food industry has been developing rapidly in Heilongjiang. Major Green food products are milk, rice and soy bean products. In line with the central government’s policy in revitalizing the Northeast old industrial bases, Heilongjiang is restructuring its four pillar industries, namely equipment manufacturing, petrochemical, food processing, energy.
Jilin province is a key agricultural province of China. Located at one of the three world-famous “black land belts” and the central Song Liao plain is “the global golden corn belt”, and is an important national processing and production base of cereals and meat. Further, compared with many other provinces, animal husbandry plays a relatively more important role in Jilin, accounting for 45% of the gross output value of the agricultural sector in 2013. Thanks to its strong agricultural sector with unique produce such as herbs from Changbai Mountain, Jilin has advantages in processing of food and medicine manufacturing. For the tertiary industry, wholesale & retail trade, transport & storage & post, information transmission & computer services, and education are the major services sectors.
Liaoning has over 100 year’s history of industrial development. It has been a major centre for heavy industry and raw materials. In 2013, heavy industry accounted for over 79% of Liaoning’s gross industrial output. The four pillar industries, namely machinery and equipment, smelting and pressing of metals, food processing and petrochemicals, accounted for 85% of Liaoning’s total value-added industrial output in 2013. In addition, the province’s light industries mainly are the processing of farm products, processed food and beverages, and tobacco. Dalian is a major fashion centre in China and The China Dalian International Garment & Textile Fair has been held annually to boost the industry.
Zhurou Dunfentiao or braised pork with vermicelli is a famous dish from Northeast China. The pork is slowly braised and served with clear noodles in a rich sauce.
Paocai or kimchi is a type of pickle, usually pickled cabbage, often found in Chinese cuisine. There is also a particular form which is prominent in Northeast China which is often eaten with congee (a type of Chinese porridge) as a breakfast food.
Guobaorou literally meaning stir fried pork in the wok, is probably better known as sweet and sour pork. Originating from northern China, the dish is enjoyed all over the world. The pork is quickly stir fried in a hot wok, then covered in a thick sweet and sour sauce so the meat can absorb its flavours.