Major Cities:

  • Beijing (Beijing Municipality)
  • Shijiazhuang (Hebei)
  • Taiyuan (Shanxi)
  • Tianjin (Tianjin Municipality)
  • Hohhot(Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region)

Demographics:

  • Beijing Population: 20.15 million
  • Hebei Population: 72.41 million
  • Shanxi Population: 35.93 million
  • Tianjin Population: 12.28 million
  • Inner Mongolia Population: 24.82 million

Business Assistance:

AustCham Beijing
E Floor Office Tower
Hong Kong Macau Centre (Swissotel)
2 Chaoyangmenbei Dajie
Beijing 100027
Tel: +86 10 6595 9252
Fax: +86 10 6595 9253
Email: info@austcham.org
Website: www.austcham.org
Austrade Beijing
21 Dongzhimenwai Street
Sanlitun, Beijing 100600
Tel: +86 10 8532 8686
Fax: +86 10 6532 4606
China Council for the Promotion of International Trade – Beijing
1 Fuxingmenwai Street
Beijing 100860
Tel: +86 10 8807 5769/5729
Fax: +86 10 6803 0747
Email: BCNweb@ccpit.org
Ministry of Commerce – Beijing
2 Dong Chang’an Avenue
Beijing 100731
Tel: +86 10 5165 1200-612/623/613
Fax: +86 10 6567 7512
Website: www.english.mofcom.gov.cn
State Administration for Industry and Commerce – Beijing
8 Sanlihe Dong Road, Xicheng
Beijing, 100820
Tel: +86 10 6801 0463; 6801 3447
Fax: +86 10 6801 0463; 6801 3447
Email: dfa@saic.gov.cn
Website: www.saic.gov.cn
Victorian Government Business Office – Beijing
Unit 2, Level 2, Office Tower C2
The Towers, Oriental Plaza
1 East Chang An Avenue,
Dong Cheng, Beijing, 100738
Tel: +86 10 8515 3166
Fax: +86 10 8518 2080
Embassy of Australia – Beijing
21 Dongzhimenwai Street,
Chaoyang, Beijing 100600
Tel: +86 10 5140 4111
Fax: +86 10 5140 4230
Email: pubaff.beijing@dfat.gov.au
Website: www.china.embassy.gov.au
Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Beijing
2 Chaoyangmen Nandajie,
Chaoyang, Beijing
Tel: +86 10 6596 1114
Website: www.fmprc.gov.cn

History:

  • Beijing
    Beijing’s dynastic period, the city was formed in concentric circles spanning outwards from the Forbidden City. The lower classes in the outer reaches of the cities lived in vibrant local alleyways called ‘hutongs’. The joining of these neighbouring hutongs helped form Beijing and while many have been the victim of the capital’s development, hutongs are still the thriving heart of Beijing. In contrast to the court life and elite culture represented by the Forbidden City, Summer Palace, and the Temple of Heaven, the hutongs reflect the culture of grassroots Beijing.
    From 900 A.D. Beijing served as the country’s capital numerous times. Beijing was made the capital of the People’s Republic of China, which was founded on October 1, 1949. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political centre of the country for much of the past eight centuries. Few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China.
    Beijing’s prominence has continued to grow both as China’s national capital and also as an international city. Hosting the Summer Olympics in 2008 had a significant influence on Beijing’s economic development, environment, and the growth of the country’s advertising, television, Internet, mobile phone, clean energy, and sports sectors.
    However the city of Beijing still has problems to address such as its infamous air pollution. The city has been working relentlessly to improve air quality, using measures such as limiting the number of new vehicles on the roads and closing or upgrading the facilities of 1,200 companies.

Industries:

  • Beijing
    Beijing’s service sector accounted for 76.9% of the city’s GDP in 2013. Financial services, whole-sale trade and retail trade and information technology services were the three biggest sectors, composing 14.5%, 12.2%, and 9% of the GDP respectively. Additionally, the scientific studies & technical services sector recorded fast growth in recent years and accounted for 7.4% of the GDP in 2013, up from 4.5% in 2004.
    Beijing is pushing forward the development of a modern services sectors, including the development of services outsourcing, cultural and creative industries. Beijing is one of the eleven services outsourcing bases in China. Beijing has also adopted a cultural and creative industry development programme. It is estimated that in 2012, the value-added output of the cultural and creative industry accounted for about 12.3% of Beijing’s GDP. In 2013, the total income of the cultural and creative industry grew by 13% to RMB1165.7 billion.
    Beijing’s industrial production is dominated by heavy industries and large enterprises. In 2013, heavy industries accounted for 85.4% of Beijing’s gross industrial output and large and medium size enterprises accounted for 80% of the output. Major industries include telecommunications equipment, transportation equipment, chemicals, machinery, metallurgy and food making.
  • Hebei
    Hebei is a major agricultural base in China. In 2013, value-added to the primary sector ranked 4th in the country. This contributed greatly to the development of related processing industries, such as the dairy product industry. Hebei’s industry is dominated by heavy industry. In terms of gross industrial output, the share of heavy industry increased from 69.4% in 2000 to 78.3% in 2013. Metallurgy industry (including smelting and pressing of ferrous metals) recorded the most rapid growth in recent years. In 2013, the industry of smelting and pressing of ferrous metals was the most important in terms of gross industrial output.
  • Shanxi
    Shanxi’s heavy industry dominated the industry sector, accounting for 94% of the province’s total industrial value-added in 2013. In recent years, Shanxi has experienced rapid development in telecommunication equipment, computer and other electronic products. The value-added of this industry sector accounted for 3.3% of the total industrial value-added in 2013, up from 1.2% in 2011.
  • Tianjin
    Being the cradle of China’s modern mechanic industry and textile industry, Tianjin is an important industrial centre in China. Tianjin’s industrial development owes much to the rapid growth of the high and new tech industry—electronics and information technology in particular. Foreign-Invested enterprises (FIEs) including those from Hong Kong and Taiwan have contributed greatly to Tianjin’s industry growth, particularly in the high and new tech industry. Tianjin’s service sector is also developing rapidly. In 2013, wholesale and retail trades, finance, were the two largest service industries, accounting for 27.6%, and 17.4% of the total added value in service sector respectively.
  • Inner Mongolia
    The primary sector still accounted for 9.1% of Inner Mongolia’s GDP in 2012. Animal husbandry is an important sector accounting for about 46% of the gross output of the agricultural sector. Due to the large number of sheep and goats, Inner Mongolia is the leading production base for sheep wool and cashmere, accounting for 26% and 42% of the national total respectively in 2012. The region also has the largest output of mutton which accounted for more than 22% of the national total in 2012. The number of cattle more than doubled in the last decade to reach about 6.3 million by 2012 from 3 million in 2001. Inner Mongolia is therefore the leading base for cow milk, accounting for 24% of the national total in 2012. Hohhot city, the capital city of Inner Mongolia, has also been named the Dairy Capital of China. In terms of sown area, corn is the leading grain crop. Other major industrial crops include oil bearing crops such as sunflower seeds and vegetables including tomatoes. The region is also a leading production base of potatoes in China.
    Inner Mongolia is the leading base for electricity generation to be supplied to other provinces. It also has the largest wind power production capacity in China. Other major industry sectors include smelting and pressing of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, food manufacturing and textiles.

Local Dishes:

  • Beijing
    Beijing kaoya or Peking duck is a famous dish from Beijing that has been prepared since the imperial era. The meat is prized for its thin, crispy skin which is served with spring onion or scallion, cumber and a sweet bean or hoisin sauce, all wrapped up by a savoury Chinese pancake.
  • Shanxi
    Daoxiaomian or knife shaved noodles is a famous dish from Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi Province. It is a traditional dish for Shanxi people. Making shaved noodles is as much a feast for the eyes as the mouth. A chef stands in front of a big pot of boiling water, a lump of noodle dough in one hand and a thin, arc-shaped knife in the other. He shaves off bits of dough into the boiling water. A top chef can shave 200 bits a minute.
  • Tianjin
    Goubuli baozi are a famous snack from Tianjin. With its fresh and delicious taste, Goubuli stuffed buns are famous across China and even abroad. Its high popularity is attributed to the fine materials, elaborate making, as well as unique skills in material selection, formula making, churning of materials, dough kneading and dough rolling. Furthermore, strict regulations have been set in the bun-making process that plaits on the buns should be symmetrical and the number of plaints on every bun should not less than 15.
  • Inner Mongolia
    Kaoquanyang or roasted whole sheep/mutton is one of the ethnic specialty dishes of Inner Mongolia. A traditional and unique dish, it was usually only enjoyed by Mongolian kings due to the complicated cooking method. Luckily enough, everyone can taste it now. Roasted whole sheep is famous not only for its quality mutton but also for its special method of preparation. The mutton, filled with various spices, is first heated at high temperatures in an airtight oven until medium-well done. Then the mutton is roasted with fire until it becomes golden. This allows the flavours of the spices to pervade the meat completely.